What Are The Most Common Eye Problems In The UK?

Many people in the UK suffer from a range of eye problems which may negatively impact on their ability to live their everyday lives. Luckily, opticians are now able to diagnose and treatment many of this medical issues and restore or improve patients’ vision. If you live in Devon and suffer form eye problems Exeter is home to specialist opticians who can help you overcome this problem. Here are some of the most common eye problems found in the UK today.

Macular Degeneration

Although this condition can happen at any time, it primarily occurs as patients age. It results in worsening of the central vision which is blurry at first and then eventually may disappear altogether. Often, peripheral vision still remains to some extent. It is known to be the leading cause of sight loss in pensioners and can be adversely affected by both smoking and poor diet.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is hereditary and can cause blindness, although it can easily be treated with daily eye drops if it is diagnosed in time. Glaucoma causes a loss of peripheral vision due to changing pressure in the eye on the optic nerve. People who have a close family member who have already been diagnosed with glaucoma should have regular tests from the age of 40.

Diabetic Retinopathy

The eyes can be affected just as much by diabetes as any other part of the body, and this condition can cause patchy vision which may result in problems driving and reading. It is known to be the leading cause of vision loss in people under 60. The best way to avoid contracting this condition is to live a healthy lifestyle by maintaining an appropriate weight, controlling sugar intake and stopping smoking.

Dry Eyes

When the tear glands cannot produce enough moisture to keep the eyes lubricated, they will become itchy and sore. Although dry eyes are unlikely to cause any problems with vision, they can be uncomfortable, and the problem can be alleviated by using artificial tears and by using humidifiers around the home. In the most severe cases, it is possible to fit plugs into the tear ducts to prevent excess drainage.

Cataracts

Cataracts are extremely common in older people, although sometimes younger people may develop them too. It occurs when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, reducing vision. Cataract surgery is the most common operation carried out in the UK and can remove and replace the lens of the eye, restoring vision.

Lazy Eye

Often found in children, this is a condition in which one eye has vision which has not properly developed. The problem can generally be corrected with glasses or by using eye patches over the more effective eye to naturally improve the “lazy” one. Sometimes, eye drops are used to blur the good eye which has the same effect as using a patch.

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